Heroin The Health Crisis

Heroin Is Now Leading Cause Of Death For Americans Under The Age Of 50

The United States of America is experiencing a Health Crisis greater than any they have experienced in the nation’s history. The number of Americans who have died from opiate addiction in the last couple of year is greater than the number of Americans who lost their lives in the Vietnam War. It is greater than the number of individuals who succumbed to HIV/AIDS during the epidemic in the year 1995.

According to the American Society of Addiction Medicine, heroin addiction in white men between 18 and 45 years of age had doubled within the last ten years. In addition, about 586,000 of individuals 12 years and older suffer from heroin addiction in the country.

Understanding Heroin

Heroin is an addictive drug belonging to the opioid family. It is made from morphine, which is a substance that occurs naturally from the pod of opium poppy, popularly grown in Southern Asia. Initially, it was initially intended for pain relief but when consumed in high doses, it can cause euphoria, thus making it highly addictive.

Other than being addictive, it is extremely painful to detox from it. Detoxing is associated with jitter, shakes, severe pain, vomiting and nausea. Many attempt suicide while going through detoxification.

Dealing With the Problem

In an attempt to deal with the epidemic, many treatment and medical detox center have been established all over the U.S to help addicts through the emotionally and physically painful process of recovering from heroin addiction. The U.S government is also researching on new drugs that might be more effective in managing detox pain as well as helping addicts with their cravings.

As much as the U.S government through the DEA is focused to conducting drug bursts in opium dens, legal opiate addiction has not been properly addressed. Opioid prescriptions are given to Americans of all ages for treatment of all kinds of conditions from back surgery to toothaches. The prescription of opiates in the U.S. has quadrupled since the year 1999. Many addicts start off with these legal opioid prescriptions before turning to opium dens.

Truth be told, the current treatment options for heroin addiction have not been effective. Studies show that 70% to 90% of individuals who are treated for heroin addiction usually relapse thus increasing the risk of death from overdose. Narcan, is one of the drugs that has registered success in reversing the effects of heroine overdose. It is available over the counter and some believe that non-users can help save a life by having it in handy.

Perhaps the government needs to put in measures like it did during the HIV/AIDS epidemic. This would see nurse care managers, social workers and outreach workers get deployed in a strategic manner that would ensure those in need get the substance abuse treatment they need. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) can authorize funding incentives such as accountable care establishments and health homes, which would help with the cost of treatment.


Residential Inpatient Treatment Programs for Drug Addicts

Residential Inpatient Treatment Programs for Drug Addicts

Many people in the United States have a cursory knowledge of substance abuse therapy, but the popular media’s portrayal of drug rehab does not depict the average addict’s treatment. For the most part, only recovering addicts and their families fully understand the different types of treatment programs available in America. Every program has a specific purpose, but they all use similar therapeutic practices to elicit positive lifestyle changes from drug abusers. The most intense and longest-lasting of these plans is the residential inpatient program, a thirty-to-ninety day stays at a rehabilitation facility with fifty or more hours of intensive therapies per week. Unfortunately, most people do not understand the nature of these therapies and how they help addicts overcome their compulsions. It is important for laypeople to know what to expect during inpatient programs should they ever fall victim to the disease of addiction.

The one to three-month stay at a rehabilitation center is highly structured and supervised. Clinicians create an environment of isolation from compromising situations which would put addicts at risk of relapse. This isolation can be critical, and many healthcare professionals agree that the first thirty days of sobriety are the most important in breaking bad habits and dealing with negative thought patterns. For some patients, even long periods of isolation are necessary to solidify positive lifestyle changes and develop strategies for coping with the inevitable real-world pressures to use drugs.

Although inpatient residents live in environments isolated from their normal lives, they usually still cook, clean, and shop for them. Their living quarters are somewhat like a college dormitory, complete with in-house facilities such as kitchens, stores, and laundry areas. During the daytime, recovering addicts are required to attend their intensive therapies, but they do have an open period in the evenings and every weekend.

The Therapies Offered During Inpatient Programs Are Varied. Among Them Are:

  1. Evidence-Based Remedies: These medicines have been tested server time, and the government typically mandates them for every patients.
  2. Reality Treatment: Patients adopt the simple but important attitude that there are situations in life they can control and others they cannot. It is up to them to recognize the difference and, when possible, take positive actions to manage their environments. Reality therapies also involve merely allowing patients to go about as normal a life as possible during the treatment process. Learning coping strategies and healthy thought patterns in a close-to-life environment makes the transition into a drug-free life much more comfortable for addicts.
  3. Individual Counseling: Substance abusers discuss their behaviors, thought patterns, and emotions with a clinician who helps them uncover the underlying causes of their addictions. These sessions can sometimes discover co-occurring conditions such as depression or bipolar disorder. Treating these diseases can be essential for a successful treatment process.
  4. Group Counseling: Addicts share their stories and difficulties with each other in a positively-reinforcing environment. Rehab clinicians facilitate discussions.
  5. Family Counseling: An addict’s family members join him or her in a clinician-facilitated discussion. The families explain to addicts how their behaviors cause them all to suffer.
  6. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Substance abusers are taught that any unhappiness or frustration they feel is results of their negative thought patterns. By adjusting the way they think about their living environments and circumstances, addicts are empowered to better themselves.


  1. Biofeedback: During active drug abuse, many addicts ignore the physical consequences of their behaviors. Biofeedback therapies teach these clients to recognize physical signs indicative of possible relapse. With a better understanding of biofeedback mechanisms, addicts can avoid a sudden and unexpected return to substance abuse.

The Most Drug Infested Cities In The United States

The Most Drug Infested Cities In The United States

It is not surprising that there is a name for these cities. Drug capitals of America are what they are known as and for a good reason. Illicit drug dependency and abuse are exacting more than $740 billion annually in costs related to crime, lost work productivity, and health care, this is according to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, which is the primary source of information on the prevalence and consequences of drug use and abuse across the United States.

Drug use in the United States, especially that of marijuana by Americans aged 12 or older has been on the rise since 2013, and substance abuse statistics by city show that states such as Maryland, Louisiana, Ohio, California, New Mexico, and Washington, D.C are among the worst hit in the country.

With a population of about 10,138 citizens, a small city like Española in rural Rio Arriba County, New Mexico suffers from a confounding heroin problem for a pastoral region. The spread of heroin and cocaine and a series of drug-related crimes in Española has echoed through this community on a biblical plague scale.

In a County, where one in five residents lives in poverty, New Mexico has been nationally recognized as a drug-ridden city and all efforts to help those severely addicted to drugs have been challenging to say the least, due to a failure to focus on prevention, a lack of resources not to mention the unexpected rise in prescription drug sales.

Baltimore has reported dramatic increases in drug-related overdoses, heroin being the primary drug problem, which is what has brought this epidemic to the forefront. Baltimore has a population of 620,961 making it the biggest city in Maryland and experts estimate that heroin traffickers make at least $165 million each year from an estimated 48,000 heroin drug users, which, as would be expected, has had a profound effect on the cities workforce and communities as a whole. As of 2015, heroin-related deaths in Maryland have also risen from 534 people to 918 making it the highest death toll rate in the state in more than a decade, in part due to the fact that not only is heroin a cheap drug but it’s also one that can be easily obtained.

According to a 2015 report by a national addiction recovery center, the most prevalent substances that pose significant threats in New Orleans, Louisiana are cocaine, heroin, and Fentanyl, which are alarmingly affordable and available because not only does Louisiana possess air and sea routes that are lucrative to drug traffickers, but the lack of public education initiatives and substance abuse care programs that help people stay sober and recover from addiction only worsen this issue.

As the designer opioids continue to infiltrate the local drug scene and addiction consuming the lives of more than 23 million Americans, this is definitely a public health emergency that needs a comprehensive approach to drugs and recovery.

College Years and Binge Drinking

College Years and Binge Drinking

College is the time that most students experiment with alcohol as now they get the chance to actually live alone and experience some freedom. Binge drinking by definition is the drinking of too much alcohol in short period. There are many opportunities that one may easily get drunk when I college such as sporting events among any other events. One may easily find that they’ve started with one bottle then before they know it they end up having drunk more than the “limited” amount. Drinking time and time again makes the body develop some kind of tolerance which then means that an individual needs to drink a little more than before in order to ensure that they actually get high which is very risky in so many ways. Excessive drinking may actually lead to the destruction of anything that it finds in it way. Some effects that may come about due to heavy drinking include:

Performing Poorly In Classes

The excessive drinking of alcohol may easily take a huge toll on an individual’s performance which may then affect their whole college life. This may easily hinder one from doing their assignments, attending classes or even paying attention during the classes.

Risk Injury

Binge drinking may easily risk an individual health as they may easily get minor cuts or even broken bones and concussions. The higher the blood alcohol content level (BAC) is in an individual by, then the higher the risks of them being injured. For individuals who suffer from conditions such as depression or anxiety, the consumption of alcohol may even be life threatening to them as they wasn’t to commit suicide or cause other form of self-harm to themselves as alcohol significantly changes a person’s mind and this may make them to act rationally.

Becoming a Victim of Assault

Alcohol tends to numb one’s sense and this may actually lead to one being very vulnerable in the event that they consume it in mass. Many college students have been victims to physical and sexual assault while intoxicated. Sexual assault may easily lead to various problems such as STD’s, unwanted pregnancies or it might even result in a permanent psychological damaging situation such as depression or low-self-esteem.

Committing Crimes

In the event that one is intoxicated, they may end up doing things that they would never do in the event that they were sober. Due to intoxication and peer pressure, one may easily be found partaking in property destruction, vandalism, driving under influence among many other criminal activities. There may even result to battery, homicide or kidnapping when drunk. This may then lead to many problems such as the payment of fines, suspended license, jail time and probation.

Developing health issues

Binge drinking is a common thing in college. However, excessive consumption of alcohol is very harmful in terms of health as there are various things that may come up such as liver problems, high blood pressure, the inflammation of the pancreas just to mention but a few.

In conclusion, as fun as it may be drinking with a group, being moderate about the drinking never did hurt anybody. One is warned to be careful while drinking to avoid the various effects. Excessive consumption of alcohol is harmful to one’s health and life.